Lifestyle

Lockdown lifestyle link to poor mental health in Scotland

A rise in negative health behaviors—such as lack of sleep, exercise and an unhealthy diet—is connected to poorer mental health during the tightest restrictions of Scotland’s COVID-19 lockdown, a new study has confirmed. Research conducted on 20 May 2020 and led by University of the West of Scotland (UWS), in partnership with Glasgow Caledonian University […]

Lifestyle

New research confirms obesity is a cause of kidney disease

Scientists at the University of Oxford have discovered that obesity can increase the chances of someone developing kidney disease. Funded by Kidney Research UK and the Medical Research Council, this new study has found that fat all over the body increases risk, not just fat around the middle (tummy fat), and suggests controlling weight could […]

Lifestyle

New study could help scientists more effectively use T-cell technologies to better understand immune responses

A comparison of two key research tools used by immunologists to study different types of T-cell receptor signals has identified important features of existing technologies that could allow scientists to better understand immune responses, in a new study led by scientists at the University of Birmingham. T cells form a crucial part of the immune […]

Lifestyle

Promising therapeutic approach against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common and deadly diseases worldwide. Until now, COPD was not curable. Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have now succeeded in curing COPD in mice exposed to chronic cigarette smoke. Their goal is to test the novel therapeutic […]

Lifestyle

Pinning down how the brain predicts the consequences of choices

Predicting the outcomes of actions in order to make good decisions is a critical role of brain function. This process is thought to work through two fundamentally different mechanisms called “model-free” and “model-based” learning. Though fundamental for flexible and adaptive behavior, the neurobiology of model-based learning remains poorly understood. Now, in a study published in […]

Lifestyle

Biologists create ‘atlas’ of gene expression in neurons, documenting diversity of brain cells

New York University researchers have created a “developmental atlas” of gene expression in neurons, using gene sequencing and machine learning to categorize more than 250,000 neurons in the brains of fruit flies. Their study, published in Nature, finds that neurons exhibit the most molecular diversity during development and reveals a previously unknown type of neurons […]

Lifestyle

Why protecting the brain against infection takes guts

The brain is uniquely protected against invading bacteria and viruses, but its defence mechanism has long remained a mystery. Now, a study in mice, confirmed in human samples, has shown that the brain has a surprising ally in its protection: the gut. The brain is arguably the most important organ in the body, as it […]